Mobile health intervention for youth with sickle cell disease: Impact on adherence, disease knowledge, and quality of life.
Adherence to illness self-management among youth with sickle cell disease (SCD) positively impacts health outcomes and decreases overall healthcare costs. Despite this, children with SCD face several barriers to adherence, with adherence rates that remain moderate to low. The current feasibility study examined the Intensive Training Program (ITP), a mobile health (mHealth) intervention for youth with SCD designed to promote disease knowledge, adherence, and patient-provider communication.
Youth with SCD prescribed hydroxyurea between ages 7-18 completed baseline disease knowledge and psychosocial assessments and then were provided with the ITP app. Youth participated in the 90-day ITP, during which they completed three education modules, tracked adherence through daily self-recorded videos on the app, and received video messages from providers. Participants completed poststudy knowledge, psychosocial, and feasibility questionnaires. Medication possession ratio (MPR) was obtained via pharmacy-refill rates.
Lindsay M. Anderson, Sarah Leonard, Jude Jonassaint, Joseph Lunyera, Melanie Bonner, Nirmish Shah